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Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer
Usually, they affect women of age between 30 and 45 years. It is detected mainly because the patient has difficulties during swallowing or breathing.

Thyroid cancer can is most common in women between the ages 30 and 45.  Early symptoms usually include  difficulty swallowing or breathing. The most common treatment for thyroid cancer is  surgery.

Thyroid Cancer

There are four different types of thyroid cancer. Papillary (the most common type of cancer) and follicular thryoid cancers are sometimes called differentiated thyroid cancer. Medullary and anaplastic cancers are called or poorly differentiated or undifferentiated thyroid cancer. Malignant tumors of the thyroid are very rare and they make up only 1% of all malignant tumors. Thyroid cancer is most common in women between the ages of 30 and 45.Early symptoms usually include difficulty swallowing and breathing.  The most common treatment for thyroid cancer is surgery.

Follicular Adenoma

Follicular adenoma is the most common benign tumor of the thyroid gland. It occurs in people of all ages, but most often in young adults. The tumors manifest as independent round-shaped formations with a diameter of less than 3 cm (1.1 in). Smaller adenomas are usually detected during a general medical examination, while the larger ones will make themselves evident. These will occur as a knot in the lower third of the front neck and cause difficulty swallowing. The major difference between functional (toxic) and non-functional adenoma is that only functional adenomas produce thyroid hormones autonomously, without activating pituitary gland. Histopathological analysis can reveal if the adenoma is benign or malignant.

Papillary Carcinoma of the Thyroid
Papillary Carcinoma of the Thyroid, Source: WiKi

Papillary thyroid cancer

Papillary Thyroids cancer is the most common type of thyroid cancer making up 70% of all thyroid cancers. Common in middle aged women, this type of cancer can go undetected for a long period of time. This is because it is localized in the gland and its tissue have a strong resemblance to the gland tissue. This type of cancer had the best prognosis and can be treated with surgery and the radioactive iodine.

Follicular thyroid cancer

Follicular thyroid cancers is the second most common type of thyroid cancer making up 20% of all thyroid cancers. Like papillary cancer, this type of cancer is also hard to detect due to the fact that it’s tissue resembles the gland tissue. Follicular thyroid cancers mainly affects those in middle and old age and is often found around the area of the endemic goiter. It can travel through the body by blood but it has a good prognosis and can be treated with surgery and radioactive iodine.

Medullary thyroid cancer

Medullary thyroid cancer is a rare type of thyroid cancer making up 4-9% of all thyroid cancers. It occurs in middle and old age, and manifests itself as an individual knot in the thyroid, but the lymphoma can spread throughout the body. Prognosis is good, especially if it is a family illness, but can be slightly more dangerous than the other types of thyroid cancers.

Anaplastic thyroid cancer

Anaplastic thyroid cancer is the rarest type of the thyroid cancer making up 2-5% of all thyroid cancers. It is extremely aggressive. It can be treated with the surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy.

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Thyroid Central

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